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How Many Types of Spinal Cord Injuries Are There?

Richardson Richardson Boudreaux, PLLC

Spinal cord damage is one of the most severe and debilitating injuries imaginable. Our Tulsa spinal cord injury attorneys share everything you need to know concerning the basics of the three main types of spinal cord injuries.

What is a Spinal Cord Injury?

In a spinal cord injury, the cord is not actually cut. Injury occurs when the thin fibrous extensions of nerve cells surrounded by the vertebrae are crushed and damaged. The axons of the nerve cells in the spinal cord are disrupted when it is injured. Consequently, the victim will then lose sensation and control over their body. The degree of damage determines the severity of the injury.

Types of Spinal Cord Injury

As we have previously covered on our blog, there are two categories of spinal cord injuries: complete (total) and incomplete (partial). This blog post will be focusing on complete spinal cord injuries, which totally paralyze the area below the site of the trauma that hurt the spine.

There are three main types of complete spinal cord injuries:

  • Quadriplegia: Also known as tetraplegia, this type of spinal cord injury occurs when a spinal cord injury results in loss of movement and sensation in all four limbs.
  • Triplegia: The loss of movement in three limbs; for example, the right leg, the left leg, and the left arm.
  • Paraplegia: Occurs when a spinal cord injury results in the loss of movement and sensation in the lower half of the body.

These types of spinal cord injuries may be the direct result of illness or negligent act by a liable person. Victims of a spinal cord injury should seek both medical and legal assistance after an accident.

How Do I Know If I Have a Spinal Cord Injury?

It can be difficult to know the extent of a spinal cord injury at first. However, the following are symptoms which may indicate a spinal cord injury:

  • Loss of bowel and bladder function
  • Loss of feeling in the chest, arms, or legs
  • Loss of voluntary muscle movement in the chest, arms, or legs
  • Muscle weakness
  • Problems breathing

If you experience these symptoms after an accident, you should seek medical attention immediately. Your medical professional will conduct tests which may include blood tests, MRIs, X-rays, or CT scans.

Seek Legal Assistance after a Spinal Cord Injury

After receiving medical assistance, it is important for persons with a serious spinal cord injury to get a legal evaluation. A consultation with a lawyer experienced in such matters will help the victim and their family figure out what type of compensation and benefits they may be eligible to receive. Medical bills associated with recovery and lifelong changes will often exceed the amount of available insurance coverage.

Victims of Spinal Cord Injury Deserve Compensation

A spinal cord injury has a dramatic and lifelong impact on the victim and their family. The compensation from an Oklahoma personal injury lawsuit should reflect the impact of these medical, financial, and personal costs. If your loved one suffered a spinal cord injury, contact our experienced Tulsa spinal cord injury attorneys for a free initial consultation

Contact us now to get started.